According to the new study, mostly three in four black adolescents may experience the high blood pressure by the age of 55 as compared to around 55% of the white men and 40% of white of the similar age.
The new research depends on the guidelines which were released last year by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology. The study says those people who are with a systolic blood pressure of at least 130 millimeters of mercury and a diastolic blood pressure of at least 80 millimeters must be recognized as the hypertensive. The systolic blood pressure is known as the top number while the diastolic blood pressure is called the bottom number. The researcher also releases that 140 mmHg systolic and 90 mmHg diastolic was the previous cutoff.
The study author S. Justin Thomas, Ph.D., who is an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, says, “Hypertension is something that can develop pretty early, and there’s a big racial disparity, where blacks tend to develop hypertension at an earlier age and at a quicker rate than whites do.”
Thomas and his team recruited the data from 3,890 black and white people. They analyzed those people who had the examination of health in 1985 or 1986 at the time when they were between the ages of 18 and 30 and those also who had follow-up the exams in a period of 30 years.
The researcher found that around 75.5%of black men and 75.7% of black women had a problem of hypertension by the age of 55. While the study also reveals that 54.5% of white men and 40% of white women had a high blood pressure by the age of 55.
The study shows that hypertension is developing among black young adults whose the level of blood pressure was in the lowest category i.e, below 110/70 mmHg as compared to white people.
Keith C. Ferdinand, M.D., who is a professor of medicine at the Tulane University School of Medicine and the Tulane Heart and Vascular Institute in New Orleans, says, few previous studies prove that the racial disparities in hypertension begin in childhood but it starts to show up later in the life. Ferdinand was not included in the study.
The new research found that black and white adolescents begin with their same level of blood pressure but black young people go on to acquire hypertension at the rate of higher risk as compared to white adolescents.
Ferdinand says “the overwhelming reasons for the increased burden of hypertension are probably related to a mixture of lifestyle and behavioural activities such as less physical activity, more obesity, increased sodium intake, and decreased potassium intake [from fruits and vegetables].”
Ferdinand says everyone should take steps to prevent the complications of the high blood pressure in the life which is very significant for them, especially those people who are at the higher risk of high blood pressure.
He says, “Elevated blood pressure has a linear, consistent, direct observational relationship to an increase in heart attacks, strokes, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and early death.”
You should keep yourself safe from acquiring hypertension because it can help in decreasing the risk of more critical cardiovascular disease.
Willie E. Lawrence Jr., M.D., who is a chief of cardiology at Research Medical Center in Kansas City, Mo., and a spokesperson for the American Heart Association, point out to a 2006 study published in the journal Circulation. The study also found that those people who suffered from less than two major factors of cardiovascular disease were at the not much risk of heart disease in their life as compared to those people who had two or more risk factors. Cardiovascular disease includes diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and smoking.
Meanwhile, some major risk factor cannot be changed and these risk factors involved a family history of high blood pressure, age, sex, and race. There is many from which you can lower the risk.
The new study said that participants like black and white young people can lower their risk of developing hypertension by managing a body mass index in a healthy way and can following the DASH diet.
There are some points that help in preventing the high blood pressure and hypertension. These are as follows:
1. You should adopt the DASh diet
Dash stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. DASH diet involves eating fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, nuts, legumes, poultry and fish, and healthy oils. This diet does not allow to eat saturated and trans fats, sodium, red meat, sweets and sugar-sweetened beverages.
2. You should maintain your weight
DASH diet help you to maintain your weight of the body when you follow this diet properly. If you eat fewer calories and always do physical activity and exercise which also help you to keep a healthy body weight. If you find any reduction in your body weight then it can help you to improve your heart health.
3. You should do exercise daily
The American Heart Association and others found that doing daily exercise can help in reducing the risk of hypertension. The study author Thomas says that the new JAMA study did not take the habits of exercise into the record but it is proven by the results that if you are physically active then it can lower the risk of hypertension.
Ferdinand says, “For all Americans, and especially for those with a positive family history, and for black Americans, it is not necessary to wait until the diagnosis of hypertension becomes manifest before embracing a DASH-type diet” and getting more physical activity.
The new research published Wednesday in the Journal of the American Heart Association.